What is Leadership?
Leadership is a process of influencing others to achieve a common goal.
The capacity or power of persons or things to be a compelling force on or produce effects on the actions, behaviour, opinions, etc., of others. www.dictionary.com
Leadership V’s Management
Leadership is outward-looking. It is setting the long-term aim and direction of the company.
Management is inward-looking. It is ensuring that everything works together to reach the long-term aim of the company.
‘Management is about Arranging and Telling.
Leadership is about Nurturing and Enhancing’. Tom Peters
Who is a manager?
A manager is any person who is in charge of certain tasks or a certain part of an organization. It is someone who breaks down and coordinates the activities of others to achieve the organizational goal.
Who is a leader?
A leader is someone who sets a long-term goal. They have the vision and give the direction for others to follow. They also provide the motivation and energy for others to trust and believe in them and their vision.
Main differences between leadership and management.
- Measuring performance
- Duties and Responsibilities
Measuring A Leader’s Performance
A leader’s performance is measured by:
- Their ability to make a positive impact on their followers and the organization.
- Their ability to get their team to work towards the common goal.
- The progress made towards achieving the goal.
Measuring A Manager’s Performance
A manager’s performance is measured by:
- Ability to plan the objectives which lead to the common goal.
- Progress towards each objective and its completion.
- Efficiency in achieving the objectives including budgeting and organizational skills.
- Progress towards achieving the goal.
Leaders can have little formal authority. Followers often choose to follow leaders, they are not forced to follow whereas managers often have formal (written) authority that places the manager over employees. Employees often have to accept a manager’s order even if they don’t want to.
Leaders are outward-looking. They deal with the future. They give long-term direction.
Managers are inward-looking. They set objectives, direct teams and deal with, processes, budgets, equipment, and things.
- Leaders are innovators.
- They set the direction for the business.
- They motivate others.
- They are trustworthy.
- They develop others to reach their full potential.
- They have empathy.
- Managers organize and make plans.
- They control teams.
- They solve problems.
- They focus on resources and systems.
- They administer control.
Leadership v Management – Similarities
Although there are differences between leadership and management roles, they also complement each other and sometimes overlap.
Additional reading (external link): Understanding the differences: Leadership Vs. Management