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Clever Business Law

A Clever essential introduction to Business Law for business students and business people. These Clever articles cover the essentials of Business Law by breaking down the complex jargon into small easy to understand sections.

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Clever Leadership

Essential leadership notes for students and leaders with clear explanations and links to useful reseources.

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The Clever Community

A Clever essential introduction to Business Law for business students and business people. These Clever articles cover the essentials of Business Law by breaking down the complex jargon into small easy to understand sections.

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New Cleverness

Negligence

Negligence – The 5 Elements You Need to win Your Claim

Clever Content What is negligence? Duty of care Examples of negligence The 5 elements required to prove negligence The Burden of Proof What is negligence? The legal definition of negligence is ‘The failure to give someone or something enough care or attention’ www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com Basically, negligence occurs when a person unintentionally fails to take proper care […]

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The Gig Economy

Self Employed – Success In The Gig Economy

9 Key Strategies For Success In The Gig Economy Contents A changing world. What is the Gig Economy? The Gig Economy and you. 9 strategies for success. A changing world The world has changed. A ‘Job for life’ does not exist. Employment rates are dropping by millions of people and unemployment rates are increasing by […]

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10 leadership traits

10 Essential Leadership Traits

Clever Content What is a trait? What are the 10 essential leadership Traits? Leadership traits explained. What is a trait? According to merriam-webster.com a trait is: A distinguishing quality (as of personal character). What are the 10 essential leadership traits? Effective communicator Have vision Be creative Take calculated risks Self-motivated and motivator of others Confident […]

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can leadership be learned

Can Leadership Be Learned?

Can Leadership Be Learned? Clever Content Introduction Leadership Questions Experience Self Reflection. Introduction People often find themselves in a leadership position without having any formal training. This may be due to the situation, the availability of suitable others or because of a persons’ experience or expertise in a certain area. What taking on this role, […]

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Business Law

What Is Law?

INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS LAW What is ‘Law’? Cleverness In This Article What is ‘Law’? Law – Definition The ‘Rule of Law’ Law Enforcement What is ‘Law’? We are faced with references to ‘Law’ and ‘Legal Issues’ nearly everyday in the news, movies and even sit-coms and comedy shows. It is an important part of our […]

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Jurisprudence

What Is Jurisprudence?

INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS LAW What Is Jurisprudence? Cleverness In This Article What Is ‘Jurisprudence’? Why Is Jurisprudence Important? The Main Legal Theories What Is ‘Jurisprudence’? Jurisprudence is the study or science of law. In the U.S. it commonly means the philosophy of law and aims to reveal the historical, moral, and cultural basis of law and […]

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Legal Terms

Legal Terms You Should Know

INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS LAW Introduction To Legal Terms Cleverness In This Article Why Is Understanding Business Law Terms Important? Legal Vocabulary (legalese) A few Clever legal terms to get you started The Sides in a Case Why Is Understanding Business Law Terms Important? Lawyers use many specialized words and terms. Some words have a different […]

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How To Answer Law Questions

  INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS LAW How To Answer Law Questions Cleverness In This Article Introduction To I.R.A.C I.R.A.C. In Detail Introduction To I.R.A.C. As you study business law you will need to complete some legal questions or case-studies. When you analyze a case or business question we recommend that you use the following Clever process: […]

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legal systems

Introduction To Legal Systems

INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS LAW Introduction To Legal Systems Cleverness In This Article What Is The Purpose Of Law and Legal Systems? What Is A ‘Legal System’? What Are The Main Legal Systems? What Are The Most Common Legal Systems? Where Are The Main Systems Used? Religious and Secular Legal Systems Introduction To The Main Legal […]

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English legal system

The English Legal System – Business Law – Introduction

INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS LAW  The English Legal System Cleverness In This Article The English Legal System: The Legal System Who Is Who? The Court System Court Hierarchy Case Allocation – Tracks Judicial Review – Grounds. The Legal System England and Wales operates a common law legal system (See: Introduction To Legal Systems for more Cleverness […]

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Corporation

What Is Property – Business Law – Introduction

INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS LAW Property Cleverness In This Article What is property? What is ownership What are property rights? Why are property rights important? What types of property are there? What Is Property? Property is not just something you can see, hold or touch. It may be a tangible (physical) item such as a car […]

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Alternative Dispute Resolution

Alternative Dispute Resolution – Business Law – Introduction

INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS LAW Alternative Dispute Resolution Cleverness In This Article What Is Alternative Dispute Resolution? Why Is ADR Important? What are the different types of ADR? Mediation Arbitration Med Arb Mini trial Summary Jury Trial (SJT). What are the advantages of ADR? What are the disadvantages of ADR? What is Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)? […]

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Law enforcement

What Is A Crime? Criminal Law Introduction

Introduction To Criminal Law What Is A Crime? Clever Content What Is A Crime? What Are The Main Criminal Terms? The Criminal System (Introduction). What Is A Crime? According to the University Of London Law School a crime is: ‘…when the conduct in question has a sufficiently serious social impact to justify the state, rather […]

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What Is A Tort – Business Law Introduction

Introduction To Tort Law What Is A Tort? Clever Content What is a tort? Legal Terms Grounds For Tort Action Compensation For Tort Action. What Is A Tort? A Tort is an act that has caused injury or harm to another person or property. The person who has suffered may seek compensation from the person […]

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Intent

Intent Mens Rea / Actus Reus – Business Law Introduction

Introduction To Business Law Criminal Intent – Mens Rea – Actus Reus Clever Content What Is Intent? What Are The Main Elements Needed To Prove Intent? Mens rea Actus reus Malice aforethought Specific intent General intent. What Is Intent? Intent refers to the person’s mental state and motivation for carrying out a criminal act.  It is the […]

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Trespass

7 Categories Of Intentional Tort – Business Law

The Seven Categories Of Intentional Tort Clever Content What Is A Tort? What Is An Intentional Tort? What Is Negligence? What Are The Seven Categories Of Intentional Tort? What Is A Tort? A ‘Tort’ is a private or civil wrong, which has been carried out against a person or their property. Tort law allows a […]

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Shopkeepers privilege

Shopkeepers Privilege Explained – Business Law

Clever Business Law Shopkeeper’s Privilege Clever Content Words you need to know What is shopkeepers privilege? Rules for detaining a suspected shoplifter Reasonable Grounds / Probable Cause explained. Words you need to know Probable Cause: Evidence which leads to a reasonable belief that a person has committed or will commit a crime. Confine / confinement: […]

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warranties

Warranties – Sales of Goods

Warranties – Sales of Goods Clever Content What is a warranty? What are the two types of warranty? Express warranty Implied warranty The Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act. What is a warranty? A warranty is a type of guarantee that a manufacturer makes about the quality and condition of its product. It gives the details for repairs […]

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business entity

What Are Business Entities?

BUSINESS LAW – Business Entities What Are Business Entities? Cleverness In This Article What Are Business Entities? Why is studying business entities important? What Are The Legal Forms of a Business? Legal Personality Veil of Incorporation. What Are Business Entities? Business entities are the different legally recognized forms of business organization. It refers to the […]

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business entity

Choosing A Business Entity

BUSINESS LAW – Business Entities Choosing A Business Entity Cleverness In This Article Why Are Business Entities Important? The 4 main types of business organization Choosing a Business Entity Why Are Business Entities Important? It is important for business owners to understand the main differences between business organizations and which business organization is best for […]

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Sole Proprietor

Sole Proprietor – Business Entities

BUSINESS LAW – Business Entities Sole Proprietor Cleverness In This Article What Is A Sole Proprietor? Sole Proprietor – Advantages Sole Proprietor – Disadvantages What Is A Sole Proprietor? Sole Proprietor (Sole Trader) is the most common form of business structure. It is generally one person doing business for themselves on their own property. Business owners […]

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Partnership

Business Partnerships – Business Entities

BUSINESS LAW – Business Entities Business Partnerships Cleverness In This Article What Is A Business Partnership? General Partnerships Limited Partnerships Advantages of Partnerships Disadvantages Of Partnerships What Is A Business Partnership? A partnership is made up of two or more individuals who are in business together. Partnerships may be a small family operation, or a […]

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law

Limited and Unlimited Liability – Business Entities

BUSINESS LAW Limited and Unlimited Liability Cleverness In This Article What Does ‘Liability’ Mean? Unlimited Liability Limited Liability What Does ‘Liability’ Mean? Liability means that someone is legally responsible for the debts or actions of the business. Unlimited Liability This usually refers to Sole Proprietors and Partnerships where the business owners are fully responsible (liable) […]

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Limited Liability

Limited Liability Company (LLC) – Business Entities

Limited Liability Company (LLC) This is similar to a limited partnership, and gives owners limited liability but has some of the capital income advantages of a partnership. There are no restrictions on the number of members and investors can share in the management of the business. The letters LLC must be included in the business […]

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Corporation

Business Corporations – Business Entities

BUSINESS LAW –  Business Entities Business Corporations Cleverness In This Article Introduction To Business Corporations Publicly Held Corporations Closed corporations The two main types of a corporation Corporation – Advantages Corporation – Disadvantages Introduction To Business Corporations A corporation is a legal entity in its own right and is separate from the individuals working within […]

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contract

Contract Law – Introduction

Contract Law – Introduction What is a contract? Clever Content Contract Law Introduction What Is A Contract? Types Of Contract. The Main Elements Of A Legally Enforceable Contract? Contract Law Introduction Contracts cover all aspects of life. They are essential for commercial activities. They create a system of trust, enabling people to make agreements with […]

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Contract offer

Contract Law – The Offer

Contract Law The Offer The Main Elements Of A Legally Enforceable Contract? The Offer Acceptance Intent Capacity Consent Consideration Legality Performance. See: Contract Law – Introduction for the following… Contract Law Introduction What Is A Contract? Types Of Contract. The Main Elements Of A Legally Enforceable Contract? Clever Content Terms you need to know What […]

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contract offer

Contract Law: Offers – Revocation, Rejection, Counter Offer.

Contract Law The Offer – Revocation, Rejection and Counter Offer. Clever links See the following Clever Articles for more information: Contract Law – ‘Introduction’ ‘The Offer’ for ‘The Main Elements Of A Legally Enforceable Contract’. Clever Content Legal terms you need to know Revoking an offer Lapse of time Rejection and counter offer. Legal terms […]

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capacity to contract

Capacity To Contract – Contract Law

Contract Law Capacity To Contract The Main Elements Of A Legally Enforceable Contract The Offer Acceptance Intent Capacity Consent Consideration Legality Performance. Clever Content What does ‘Capacity’ to contract mean? Who does not have the capacity to contract? Infants / Minors Mental Incapacity. See our Clever Video below: Capacity To Contract What does ‘Capacity’ to […]

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illegal contracts

Illegal Contracts – Clever Contract Law

Illegal Contracts – Contract Law Clever Content What is an illegal contract? Illegal Contracts – Enforcement What are contracts ‘contrary to public policy’? Illegal Contracts – Special Situations. What is an illegal contract? An “illegal contract” is a contract that is based on or relates to an illegal purpose that violates the law. The contract […]

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10 leadership traits

10 Essential Leadership Traits

Clever Content What is a trait? What are the 10 essential leadership Traits? Leadership traits explained. What is a trait? According to merriam-webster.com a trait is: A distinguishing quality (as of personal character). What are the 10 essential leadership traits? Effective communicator Have vision Be creative Take calculated risks Self-motivated and motivator of others Confident […]

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can leadership be learned

Can Leadership Be Learned?

Can Leadership Be Learned? Clever Content Introduction Leadership Questions Experience Self Reflection. Introduction People often find themselves in a leadership position without having any formal training. This may be due to the situation, the availability of suitable others or because of a persons’ experience or expertise in a certain area. What taking on this role, […]

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5 powers of a leader

5 Sources Of Leadership Power

Clever Content What is leadership Power? What are the 5 Sources of Power? The 5 Sources of power. What Is Leadership Power? This is the influence that a leader has over their followers. It is their ability to get others to support their vision. The ability of a leader to influence others is essential for their success. […]

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leadership v management

Leadership v Management

The Difference Between Managers And Leaders 002 Clever Leadership Series (This Clever article) 001 Clever Leadership Series Introduction Clever Content What is leadership? (Recap) Leadership V’s Management Who is a manager? Who is a leader? 3 Differences between managers and leaders. Measuring Performance Leadership overview. Leadership / Management similarities. What is Leadership? Leadership is a […]

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leadership introduction

Leadership Introduction – Clever Leadership Series

Clever Leadership Series Introduction Our Clever Leadership Series gives essential information for Business Students at all levels, aspiring Clever Leaders and Leaders who want to refresh and review their performance and even add something new. We will take you through the main points of Leadership, theories, traits, styles and how you can be a Clever Leader. […]

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staff development

Staff Development – Maximize your returns in 4 Clever steps

Staff Development Maximize your returns in 4 Clever steps Clever Content Common responses to staff development A changing world A Clever motivation lesson 4 Clever steps to maximise your staff development returns. Common responses to staff development  “Education is expensive” “I lose work hours while they are on courses” “I pay for one and they […]

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ethics and CSR

Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility – Leadership

Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility Clever Content What is ethics? What is business ethics or Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)? Why is business ethics important? What are ethical questions based on? The 6 codes of business ethics How to create an ethical work culture. What is ethics? Ethics comes from the Greek word ‘ethos’ which means […]

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encourage the heart

Motivation – Encouraging The Heart

Motivation – Encouraging The Heart Clever Content What is encouraging the heart? How does encouraging the heart work? 5 ways to encourage the heart. Also see the Clever article: The 4 Sources Of Motivation What is encouraging the heart? Today’s workplace is constantly changing. It can be difficult to keep up and sometimes it is […]

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motivation

Motivation – 4 Sources Of Motivation For Clever People

Motivation – 4 Sources Of Motivation For Clever People Clever Content Why is understanding motivation important? What is motivation? What are the 4 main sources of motivation? Extrinsic Intrinsic Introjected Identified What to watch out for Amotivation Why is understanding motivation important? Understanding motivation is important in every part of your life. Finding the right […]

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Developing Good Working Relations – Human Resource Management

Developing Good Working Relations Clever Content Introduction What are working relations? Why are good working relations important? Advantages of good working relations 5 requirements for good working relations How to improve your working relations Self awareness (E.I.) Empathy Openness Trust Communication. Introduction Human resource management plays an important role in managing and developing working relations […]

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E.I.

Clever Leaders need E.I. – 5 Clever Steps To Develop Yours.

CLEVER LEADERSHIP Clever Leaders need E.I. – 5 Clever Steps To Develop Yours. Introduction Clever Leaders must be able to inspire others with their vision. They must be able to communicate clear goals and motivate their teams. They must understand and support their teams so that they can achieve their best. …for more on what […]

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Leadership skills

Top 10 Clever Leadership Skills You Need

BUSINESS LEADERSHIP Top 10 Clever Leadership Skills You Need Cleverness In This Article Introduction How To Be A Clever Leader Introduction A Clever Leader must be able to inspire others with their vision. They must be able to motivate others to work at their best to achieve a common goal. How To Be A Clever […]

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Leader

What is Leadership?

BUSINESS LEADERSHIP What Is Leadership? Cleverness In This Article What Is Leadership? Who Is A Leader? What Is Leadership? Leadership is often a contested subject. MakeMeClever.com has taken the time to look into the various views and give to you a Clever summary. Leadership is a process of social influence. The influence part of this […]

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